Adverbs Grammar Index Page

Postive Adverbs

  1. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs:

    Celeriter currit He runs swiftly modifies the verb
    Nimis gravis est He is too serious modifies the adjective
    Nunc quoque di laudantur Now also the gods are praised modifies another adverb (nunc)

  2. Adverbs can modify meaning in a variety of ways. These are just a few examples:

    Time cras (tomorrow)    ubi (when)    diu (for a long time)    nocte (at night)    etc.
    Place ibi (there)    ubi (where)    huc (to this place)    usquam (anywhere)    etc.
    Manner quam (how)    cur (why)    sic (so)    ita (thus)    igitur (therefore)    etc.

  3. Latin adjectives can be turned into adverbs in two simple ways:

    Add -ê to the stem of
    1st & 2nd decl adjectives
    Add -iter to the stem of 3rd decl adjectives
    or add -er if the stem ends in -nt-
    Adjective Stem Adverb Adjective Stem Adverb
    clarus, clara, clarum clar- clarê levis, levis, leve lev- leviter
    pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum pulchr- pulchrê diligens, diligentis diligent- diligenter

  4. Latin adverbs are indeclinable: they have no case endings to memorize. But some adverbs can change their endings to reflect a difference in their degree:

    Positive The sailor lives dangerously Nauta vivit periculosê
    Comparative The hunter lives more dangerously or
    rather dangerously or too dangerously
    Venator vivit periculosius
    Superlative The gladiator lives very dangerously or
    most dangerously
    Gladiator vivit periculosissimê

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